Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease


While comprehensive testing at the Heart Attack & Stroke Prevention Center will give you the most precise assessment of your level of risk, there are a number of known risk factors for cardiovascular disease — “red flags” — that may indicate an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, or diabetes:

  • personal or family history of cardiovascular disease
  • personal or family history of heart attack, stroke, or Type 2 diabetes
  • diabetes (risk factor for heart attack and stroke)
  • gestational diabetes
  • elevated cholesterol
  • nicotine use in any form
  • secondary exposure to nicotine use (such as second-hand smoke)
  • psychosocial issues such as depression, anxiety, or stress
  • high blood pressure
  • abdominal obesity
  • sleep problems
  • age (men over 40 and women over 50)
  • gum disease
  • erectile dysfunction
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • lupus
  • psoriasis
  • migraine headaches
  • gout
  • polycystic ovaries
  • hirsutism (facial hair growth in women)
  • oligomenorrhea (changes in menstrual cycles)
  • Hispanic or African-American descent
  • osteoporosis
  • pre-eclampsia
  • breast cancer treatment

Any combination of these risk factors for cardiovascular disease may indicate increased risk for heart attack, stroke or diabetes. If you would like a more thorough evaluation of your risk or level of disease, please contact us.